А. В. Копытов, Д. А. Донской, В. Н. Сидоренко
УО «Белорусский государственный медицинский университет»
В настоящей публикации представлен обзор литературы по имеющимся методам поведенческой и когнитивно-поведенческой терапии алкогольной зависимости. Были проанализированы электронные базы данных: «Current Contents», «ETOH», «Medline», «PsycInfo», «PubMed» с 1966 года. В обзор включены исследования по эффективности, анализу различных методов методам поведенческой и когнитивно-поведенческой терапии, и сравнение данной группы методов с другими видами вмешательств при алкогольной зависимости. Рассмотрены различные патогенетические механизмы данных методов при алкогольной зависимости. Показана эффективность данной группы методов в зависимости от индивидуальных клинических характеристик заболевания и особенностей его формирования. Проведен анализ показаний, ограничений при применении методов краткосрочной терапии. Рассмотрены вопросы рентабельности и экономической эффективности их применения.
ключевые слова: алкогольная зависимость, поведенческая, когнитивно-поведенческая терапия, обзор, эффективность
Behavioural and kognitivno-behavioural therapy for alcohol addiction
A. V. Kopytov, D. A. Donskoy, V. N. Sidorenko
This article provides an overview of the available literature on the methods of behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy of alcohol addiction. Were analyzed electronic databases: “Current Contents”, “ETOH”, “Medline”, “PsycInfo”, “PubMed” since 1966. The review includes studies on the effectiveness of different methods of analysis of behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy, and the comparison of this group of methods with other types of interventions for alcohol addiction. Considered various pathogenetic mechanisms of behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy for alcohol addiction. It was shown the efficiency of this group of methods, depending on the individual clinical characteristics of the disease and the characteristics of its formation. Spend analysis readings, restrictions on the use of behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. Shown the questions of costeffectiveness and economic efficiency of their use.
keywords: alcohol addiction, behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy, review efficiency
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