А. Т. Быков, А. А. Брюсова, А. А. Дюжиков, Т. Н. Маляренко
Кубанский государственный медицинский университет, Ростовский Центр кардиологии и сердечнососудистой хирургии
В последние 2 десятилетия во всем мире наблюдается значительный прирост числа людей с избытком массы тела и ожирением, что приобрело характер эпидемии. По прогнозам ВОЗ к 2015 году таких людей будет насчитываться около 1,5 миллиардов. Развитию избыточной массы тела и ожирения способствуют многие факторы риска, в том числе, наследственность, хронический дистресс, нарушения пищевого поведения, низкий уровень физической активности, а также недостаточная просвещенность населения в отношении тяжелых последствий для здоровья избытка массы тела.
ключевые слова: избыточная масса тела, ожирение, факторы риска, влияние на здоровье, профилактика
Overweight and obesity prevention is one of the dominantpfoblems of contemporary medicine
A. T. Bykov, A. A. Bryusova, A. A. Dyuzhikov, T. N. Malyarenko
We can witness a noticeable growth in the number of people with weigh gain and obesity over the last 2 decades. According to WHO, such number will have increased up to 1,5 billion by 2015. Overweight may be triggered by lots of factors. Heredity, chronic stress, wrong diet and eating behavior and low physical activity are at the top of the list. Insufficient awareness of population for the serious consequences of overweight is aggravating factor. This review summarizes the experience of some foreign medical and scientific centers concerning non-medicinal prevention of overweight and obesity. It discussed the necessity of preventive measures during all individual life, beginning from a very early or even prenatal age. At any ageit is important tolose weight gain slowly and, having reached the target level, not to put it on.
keywords: overweight, obesity, risk factors, impact on health, prevention
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