А. П. Беспальчук, Д. А. Климец, А. И. Волотовский
УО «Белорусский государственный медицинский университет»
Симбрахидактилия – врожденная аномалия развития кисти, проявляющаяся множеством клинических признаков, включая брахидактилию, синдактилию и гипоплазию кисти. Фенотипические проявления симбрахидактилии очень вариабельны. Несмотря на существования большого числа классификационных схем патологии (учитывающих количество утраченных лучей, тератологические механизмы гипоплазии, функциональное состояние большого пальца кисти, наличие сопутствующих аномалий) на сегодняшний день отсутствует общепринятое определение термина симбрахидактилии. В связи с этим, в каждой классификации симбрахидактилия рассматривается с различных позиций. Целью данной работы явилась систематизация имеющихся сегодня научных сведений, определяющих понятие симбрахидактилия и его классификационные характеристики.
ключевые слова: симбрахидактилия, расщепленная кисть, гипоплазия кисти
Symbrachydactyly
A. P. Bespalchuk, D. A. Klimets, A. I. Volotovski
Symbrachydactyly is a congenital anomaly of the hand development, manifested by many clinical signs, including brachydactyly, syndactyly and hand hypoplasia. The phenotypic manifestations of symbrachydactyly are very variable. Despite the existence of a large number of classification schemes of pathology (taking into account the number of lost rays, teratological mechanisms of hypoplasia, the functional state of the thumb of the hand, and the presence of concomitant anomalies), there is currently no generally accepted definition of the term symbrachydactyly. In this regard, in each classification, simbrachydactyly is considered from different positions. The aim of this work was to systematize the available data regarding the issue of defining concept of symbrachydactyly, as well as optimizing classification approaches to the description of this pathological condition.
keywords: symbrachydactyly, cleft hand, hypoplastic hand
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