В.И. Пикиреня, А.В. Копытов
УО «Белорусский государственный медицинский университет»
В обзоре кратко приведены доказательства высокой успешности программы заместительной терапии метадоном (ЗТМ) как метода лечения синдрома зависимости от опиоидов. Показано, что наиболее важным критерием эффективности ЗТМ является время удержания в программе. Определены социально-демографические факторы, не поддающиеся коррекции, однако позволяющие лучше прогнозировать приверженность лечению среди пациентов.
ключевые слова: заместительная терапия метадоном, синдром зависимости от опиоидов, эффективность заместительной терапии, организационные факторы, клинические факторы, психологические факторы
Factors, affecting the efficacy of methadone maintenance therapy
U.I. Pikirenia, A.V. Kapytau
In this review there provided evidence of high effectiveness of a methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) programme as a cure for an opioid abuse syndrome. It is shown that the most important efficacy criterion of MMT is a period of patients retention in the programme. There were defined socio-demographic factors, that can't be improved, but allow the better compliance prediction among the patients.
keywords: methadone maintenance therapy, opioid abuse syndrome, substitution therapy efficacy, institutional factors, clinical factors, psychological factors
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Поступила 08.09.2017 г.
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